|Binhai New Area of Tianjin (BNAT), east coastal area of Tianjin central districts, is located in the northeastern part of North China Plain and Lower Reaches of the Haihe River, including Tianjin Port, Tianjin Economic Technological Development Area, Tianjin Port Free Trade Zone, Tanggu District, Hangu District, Dagang District, and part of Dongli and Jinnan Districts (the Industrial Zone of Lower Reaches of the Haihe River), with a planned area of totaling 350 square kilometers. Along its north boundary is Nanfeng County, Hebei Province; along its south is Huanghua County, Hebei Province.
To adapt itself to the latest development and take better advantage of its functions as a seaport city to serve and connect itself to other inland regions, Tianjin has made a trans-centennial and strategic determination to develop and construct BNAT and help activate the economy along the Bohai Bay Rim and other northern part of China during its own development. In March, 1994, at the second session of the 12th Tianjin People¡¯s Congress, a resolution was passed that BNAT will basically take shape in about ten years¡¯ time. The overall conception for the construction of BNAT is to be developed into a widely-opened modern economic area for the 21 century with Tianjin Port, Tianjin Economic Technological Development Area, and Tianjin Port Free Trade Zone as its framework, with metallurgy and chemical industries as its foundation, with commercial trade, finance and tourism as competitors of development, with new and expanding industries and export-oriented economy as leading industries, with the free trade port as orientation of development and with a complete network of infrastructure plus all the needed service functions. The basic objective is, in about ten years of development and construction, to enable BNAT¡¯s GDP and foreign currency revenue to account for over 40% of the whole Tianjin.
To achieve such a trans-centennial strategy of economic development, in February, 1994, Tianjin Party Committee and Tianjin People¡¯s Government established an organization of BNAT Leading Group. In June, 1995, BNAT Office was established to exercise the power of uniform command and coordinate development and construction of BNAT. At present, every unit residing and located in BNAT is united as one, strives to accelerate construction of the New Area and go to great lengths to initiate a new economic situation in Tianjin pursuant to the principle of ¡°unified planning and implementing in districts and steps¡±.
Foundation and Superiority of Binhai New Area of Tianjin
1. Unique Geographic Location
Binhai New Area of Tianjin (BNAT) is located at the intersection of the Beijing-Tianjin city belt and the Bohai Bay Rim city belt, which serves as a main hub connecting China with overseas and links North China and Northwest based on North China, Northeast and Northwest China. BNAT has the largest comprehensive seaport in the North. With broad hinterland and numerous air-routes and liners, BNAT has established trade intercourse with over 300 harbours in 170 countries and regions. It is the nearest starting point of the continental bridge from Asian to Europe in North China.
2. Highly-opened Economy
BNAT is now the only area in China pooling the functions of Seaport, Economic Technological Development Area (hereinafter referred to as ¡°TEDA¡±), Port Free Trade Zone, Marine High-tech Development Area, and large-scale Industrial Base. Due to close relations and mutual reliance, BNAT has been rendering its gigantic and combined effects. After several decades of construction, the established TEDA area now covers an area of 19 kilometers and every economic indicator takes the lead among 17 development areas in China; the Port Free Trade Zone, due to its swift and violent development, has been developed into an important threshold for North China region to carry out its opening to the outside world; Tanggu District, Hangu District, Dagang District, and Industrial Zone in Lower Reaches of the Haihe River have achieved considerable development with their respective characteristics. BNAT is for the time being gathering and releasing huge economic energy. In recent years, BNAT has attracted investment from both Chinese and foreign investors, hence the reputation ¡°an exceptional treasure land in China.¡±
3. Sound Industrial Foundation
After years of development and construction, BNAT has been built into an industrial network, with industries of marine chemistry, petrol-chemistry, metallurgy, machinery, electronics, bio-chemistry, and foodstuff as its pillars. In the year 1999, the Gross Industrial Output of BNAT reached RMB yuan 98,600,000,000. According to Tianjin¡¯s strategic development of moving eastward its industrial distribution, any large industrial project to be constructed shall be in-principle located in BNAT , which in turn will enable the New Area to be developed into a large-scale, comprehensive, and modern industrial base.
4. Perfect Infrastructure
4.1 Transportation and Communications
In BNAT lies the largest comprehensive international trade port in North China-Tianjin Port, where there are 140 various berths. Among them are 48 berths with a handling capacity of ten thousand tons. Besides, there is a port specially for containers and a bulk cargo port - the largest in China. This port also deals in nearly 50 regular ocean liners. There are 12 trunk ways in BNAT, covering a total distance of 380 kilometers. The Beijing-Tianjin-Tanggu Expressway and Tangshan-Tianjin expressway under construction connect BNAT with both the Bohai Bay Rim and national trunk highway network. Across and adjacent to BNAT are Jing-Ha railway line and Jing-Hu railway line which cross north-south in Northeast China, North China, and East China. Tianjin Binhai International Airport is for the time being the largest aviation freight center in China and plays the role of second capital airport. In one word, BNAT has been developed into a three-dimensional framework of traffic system by land, by sea, and by air.
4.2 Power and Water Supply
Currently in BNAT, there are ten power stations of various types with generating capacity of 1,624,000 kilowatt, seven 220,000 kilowatt transformer stations, seventeen 110,000 transformer stations and forty-five 35,000 kilowatt transformer stations. Therefore, it is sufficient to meet requirements of BNAT for power supply. There are now nine water plants in the New Area, with the capacity of manufacturing 470,000 tons of purified water daily. Annual water consumption is 190,000,000 square meters. Hence, it is capable of satisfying the demand of NBAT for living water and industrial water.
4.3 Tele-communications and Other Municipal Public Facilities
There are 55 tele-communication offices with the capacity of 229,400 program controlled telephone exchangers, which is sufficient to provide users with such services as telephone, fax, PC data transmission and information consultings.
A natural gas storage station and a distribution station have been built in BNAT and a medium- and low- pressure plumbing system has basically taken shape. Over 80% located in the New Area are gas users.
5. Rich Resources
5.1 Land Sources
At present in BNAT there are 70 square kilometers of uncultivated land, which requires rather low development charges. BNAT encourages various investors to develop land by tract and offer maximum preferential policies and convenience.
5.2 Source of Labour Force and Talents
BNAT, with 610,000 workers as the labour force, will be able to furnish all types of enterprises with needed labour force and technical talents in various fields. Within the whole area, there are now over 30 research institutes, over 80 schools of minimum senior high school level. Besides, TEDA School of Nankai University - a school under construction - is situated here. Moreover, Beijing-Tianjin region, the center of high-tech, culture and education in China, is fully capable of satisfying the demands of BNAT for labour force and talents in various fields.
5.3 Minerals and Other Natural Resources
Inside BNAT and nearby areas lie two big oilfields - Bohai Oilfield and Dagang Oilfield. In 1999, the output of raw oil reached 6,777,000 tons, while natural gas reached 828,000,000 square meters. Changlu Saltern, located in BNAT, is the largest sea-salt producing area in China. The manufactured salt is of excellent quality, its annual output takes up 1/4 of the whole domestic salt output. The underground heatwater scatters over an area of over 800 square kilometers, with total 20,000,000,000 tons of heatwater reserve. Furthermore, there are vast sources of waters in BNAT, in which aquaculture and sea fishing industries are flourishing.